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Production of Oolong Tea


Introduction to Oolong Tea

Oolong tea is chinese traditional tea. Camellia Senesis plant is the source of Oolong tea as well as of the green tea and black tea. The only difference between the oolong and other two is their processing technique. All of the tea leaves has certain enzymes, which results oxidation. Oxidation is the chemical reaction that change green tea leaves into deep black. Green tea is not oxidised excessively, black tea is oxidised until it changes to black. Oolong is partially oxidised and lies between the two.This partial oxidation is the reason behind oolong teas colour and taste characteristics.


Production Of Oolong Tea

The following given are the general steps involved during production of oolong tea. The steps usually varies depending upon the different locations, seasons and techniques.


1. Harvesting Of Tea Leaves
Oolong tea is harvested thrice in a year in spring winter and fall. The best of oolong tea is generally harvested in spring in winter because of cool temperatures.

oolong tea harvested

2. Hand picked tea leaves
Hand picked tea leaves are best in quality and also ensures the integrity of tea leaves.

oolong tea

3. Sun dry

To remove the moisture from leaves, they are kept in sun's exposure. The process takes several hours depending upon the strength of sunlight.

4. Cooling Down

After removing the moisture from leaves, they are kept in shades or indoors to cool it.

5. Tossing and shaking soften edges

After drying and cooling the leaves, they are shaken and tossed for edges softening. This process makes the oxidation process more rapid.

6. Oxidation of leaves
For oxidation process, the leaves are spreaded in air conditioned room thinly. It is an overnight processing technique.

oolong tea oxidation

7. Wrapping the leaves

Once the oxidation is completed, leaves are wrapped tightly into a ball to make it curl.

8. Curling process

This process exposes the flavour and shapes the leaves.

9. Breaking up 

This process involves breaking up of leaves that are stuck together in curling process.

10. Heating dry leaves

To stop further oxidation leaves are kept in oven for heating.

Heating oolong tea

11. Final product

Finally the separated loose balls of the tea leaves are produced and supplied.


Brewing of Oolong tea

Brewing oolong tea

Following is the step wise brewing process of oolong tea

1. Tea

As an usual thumb rule, If you have rolled tea balls then use only 1 tablespoon of tea and 6 ounces of water. If your tea consist of open large leaves the use upto 2 tablespoon of tea for 6 ounces of water.

2. Water

Always choose fresh and cool water for oolong tea. Avoiding distilled water can be a good choice as it can taste flat. As an usual thumb rule, heat the water to 180F to 200F. You can measure the temperature using a thermometer or by simply eyeball it.

3. Stepping Time

As an usual thumb rule, keep the tea stepping for 1 to 5 minutes and keep it tasting to ensure the best taste of tea.

4. Strainers and Infusers

It is important to know that a room is needed for leaves to unfold it and releasing the flavour. A filter made of cloth, metal or glass will be suitable for the ball-type infuser. Tea leaves can also be brewed directly in the cup or pot and strain them out while pouring.



What Oolong Tea Taste Like

oolong tea tasty

The taste of oolong tea depends upon the production technique and horticulture as well as on your choice of tea. They can be fruity as well as sweet with honey aromas, or fresh and green with bouquet aromas, or thick and woody with roasted aromas.


Why Oolong Tea is Good for Health

Oolong tea has several benefits which makes it the first choice of most of the people's.


1. Weight Loss

Oolong tea contains polyphenol compounds which is effective in reducing obesity and controlling the fat metabolism in body. It enhance the functions of fat cells by activating certain enzymes in body.

2. Eliminates Fee Harmful Radicals

The polyphenol present in oolong tea behaves as an antioxidant remove the free harmful radicals from the body. Thus, regular consumption of oolong tea can help peoples to prevent some serious health issues like cancer, diabetes, stroke and neurodegeneration.

3. Prevent Ovarian Cancer

Oolong tea has excellent anti-cancer characteristics. Regular consumption of oolong tea can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in females.

4. Improve Bone Health

Oolong tea contains antioxidants which helps to prevent decaying of teeth, and give strength to bone structure. 

5. Diabetes Control

Oolong tea also works as herbal brew for type-2 diabetic disorder disorder treatments. It regulates the insulin and blood sugar present in bloodstream to avoid the dips and spikes in blood sugar that can be dangerous for any diabetic patient.

6. Manage Stress

The natural polyphenols present in oolong tea works as a stress buster. 

7. Improves Mental Health

Oolong tea contains caffeine, more than the green tea and lesser than the black tea. Regular consumption of oolong tea containing caffeine helps to improve the mental health as well as maintaining the alertness.


Oolong Tea Storage

Storage of oolong tea

Oolong tea must be stored properly in order to maintain its quality. Following are the seven things that can damage the quality and taste of the tea.

- temperature

- light

- humidity

- bad odors

- oxygen

- microorganisms

- moisture content

Therefore, it's necessary to store the tea in an airtight, non-transparent container surrounded by low humidity environment.




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