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Top Ten Types of Tea in China


There’s nothing more relaxing than a steamy hot cup of Tea. China have introduced the most refreshing beverage to the world with not just one but more than 700 types. Tea is prepared using traditional and ancient Chinese methods of the long-standing culture. It is no more a ceremonial drink. It has gradually become a part of routine such that people cannot get up from their bed without the daily dose of Bed Tea. Tea has many health benefits to its credit and works well as a natural home remedy. Some help in weight loss, some in relieving stress while some boost immunity, some are simply a common, leisure beverage and the list goes on. The Green Tea needs no description as it has already become a favorite for many across the globe for all the desired health benefits. For obvious reasons, it is difficult to pick a favorite because of the vast variety of Chinese Tea. Here’s a brief description of the ten most popular Chinese Teas which are prominent and abundantly available in different parts of the world.


1. Xihu Longjing


long jing tea

 

Popularly known as the Dragon well Green Tea or the Tea od Emperors, Xihu Longjing is refreshing luxury Green Tea. It is grown in the mountainous regions of Zhejiang Province of China. Dragon Well Tea is quite expensive because of the time-consuming growth and harvest. The tea leaves are hand roasted and give a smooth texture to the drink. The prices depend on the quality of different varieties of this tea. Low-quality Dragon Well Tea is bluish and dark green in color whereas the superior quality tea leaves are light green in color. The leaves are edible upon infusion.


Health Benefits: Sipping on a cup of tea that literally has no health benefits is too mainstream. Having said that, Longjing is a rich source of Vitamin C and Amino Acids. These tea leaves boast one of the highest Catechin levels that help increase the Metabolism rate and steadily lose belly fat.


Shape and Taste: The Dragon Well Tea leaves are long and flat with a beautiful yet firm surface. The lighter the color of the leaves, the higher the quality and likewise, higher the price. The tea oozes a strong aroma of freshness having a mellow green color. It tastes sweet and has a nutty texture, similar to that of roasted white corn.


2. Tieguanyin


tie guan yin


The types of tea - Oolong Tea, Tieguanyin is famously known as the Iron Goddess of Mercy. Produced in different areas of Anxi, Tieguayin was originated in the Fujian Province in the 19th century. The tea is named after the Chinese Buddha, Guanyin, the female embodiment of Bodhisattva. The process of producing the Tieguanyin Tea is cumbersome and encompasses eight long steps which are plucking of leaves, sun withering, cooling, tossing, oxidation, filtration, rolling and drying. Different varieties are segregated out of which some are dry roasted and fragranced.


Health Benefits: The tea has many gastronomic characteristics. It is a vital source of Amino Acids, Anti-oxidants, Polyphenols and Vitamin C. Calcium, Zinc, Phosphorous, and Magnesium are some of its components. It is brimming with Iron content healthy for purifying the blood.


Shape and Taste: The King of Tea, Tieguanyin is tightly rolled into small granulated beautiful green balls, with a red spot and white frosting. The tea tastes like a fruity beverage, most likely a berry and has an orchid fragrance with an everlasting aroma. The tea has a smooth and mellow flavor to it.


3. Keemun Balck Tea


keemun black tea


The types of tea - Keemun Black Tea , qihong is certainly one of the most delicious Teas of China. The tea was originated in Guangxu in 1875 during the Qing Dynasty. Keemun Tea was honored with the prestigious Golden Medal at the 1915 Panama World Exposition. The Tea quickly gained popularity around the world, especially in England. It is among the top 3 most fragrant Teas of the world. The tea leaves are grown in the Qimen County, Anhui Province of China.


Health Benefits: The tea controls the level of bad Cholesterol and reduces the risk of Heart diseases. It is known to improve the blood flow and curbs diabetes. The tea is good for the brain and it works best after a heavy meal.


Shape and Taste: The tea has a distinctive, fruity taste and brews in five minutes to give a delicate malty flavor with a dash of smoky fragrance. The tea leaves are whole, unbroken, unlike other types. It is composed of thin black shoots of leaves, with the prominently firm twists.


4. Dongting Bi Luo Chun


bi luo chun


A premium variety of Green Tea, Dongting is grown in the picturesque Dongting Mountains in Jiangsu Province of China. The tea is also known as Pi Luo Chun. The tea is cropped in the early spring and resembles a snail, hence its English name, Green Snail Spring. It was discovered by a tea-picking girl. While she was using her body as the basket for the tea leaves, she identified the heating properties and floral fragrance of this tea. The tea is cultivated in Zhejiang and Sichuan Provinces of China.


Health Benefits: The Tea is known to prevent Cancer, cavities and strengthens the Immune System. It is considered an ideal remedy to lower Blood Pressure. It helps reduce stress and regulate the aging process.


Shape and Taste: The tea is so flavorful that its fragrance is often termed as the Scary or Astounding Fragrance. Tea leaves can be simultaneously infused in boiling water and each infusion gives it a different taste, the first being strong and possessing an everlasting aftertaste while the second one is fruity and flowery with a hint of buttery flavor. The tea leaves are tender and light yellow in color. The leaves are spirally shaped with slight white curls.


5. Da Hong Pao


da hong pao


Yet another variety of Oolong, Da Hong Pao is also known as the Large Red Robe. It was originated in Mount Wuyi in Fujian Province of China during the Song Dynasty. It is the most famous tea of Mount Wuyi. The Tea is extremely rare and expensive. Earlier, it was so rare that only a kilogram of it was harvested throughout the year. Legend has it that a certain tea helped cure the illness of Ming Dynasty’s emperor’s mother, pleased by which the emperor sent great red robes to clothe the three bushes. The original bushes are still standing upright on the mountains. It costs a whopping $1,025,000 per Kg. The tea is a premium luxury, Artisan Tea.


Health Benefits: The tea helps regulate fat Metabolism because of its elements like Caffeine, Folic Acid, Inositol and Pantothenic Acid. This tea has a strong decomposition effect on stubborn fat and proteins.


Shape and Taste: The tea has a clear and satisfying aroma with a lovely and long-lasting aftertaste. The tea has a cinnamon-like earthy taste. The tea leaves are long strips with a slight golden and greenish cast on leaves. The leaves are light Charcoal roasted for a distinctive flavor. Its fragrance is like that of Peaches.


6. Pu-erh Tea


pu erh tea


Pu-erh Tea is a type of Black Tea which was originated in the Pu’er County in Yunnan Province of China. It comes in different varieties which gives each variety a different flavor. The Tea is no less of a delicacy and is considered an essential part of daily health care. The tea gets fine with age and is consumed long after its harvest. Certain varieties of this Tea are cooked for enhancing the quality and darkens upon exposure to the external environment. The Tea is labeled with the year, method and place of Production. Most of the leaves are fermented using microbial fermentation and oxidation, after which they are dried and rolled.


Health Benefits: The Tea is known for accelerating weight loss, reduced Bad Cholesterol levels and prevent cardiovascular diseases.


Shape and Taste: Pu-erh Tea comes in a variety of shapes which is influenced by the type of cooking method involved. It is often compressed into stacked melon shape, Calabashes, Pillars and small tea bricks. The tea has an ever-lasting flavor and tastes like fine Wine. It gets smoother when storing for a year or more.


7. Huangshan Maofeng


huang shan maofeng


This luxury Green Tea is grown in the Huangshan Mountains in the Anhui Province of China, as its name suggests. It is a home to the best Chinese Teas. The Tea was originated in Guangxu during the Qing Dynasty. The best quality of Huangshan Maofeng is harvested in early spring before the Qingming Festival Only the orchid-looking buds and closely attached leaves are picked for making the tea.


Health Benefits: The Tea attributes the benefits similar to that of typical Green Tea because is it very much a premium variety of Green Tea. It helps reduce stress, lose weight, control Diabetes and regularize Blood Pressure.


Shape and Taste: The tea is called Yellow Mountain Fur Peak in English because the leaves are covered with thin, white hair, reminiscent to the peak of mountains. It is light green in color and shaped like a needle, with a slight floral texture. It has a unique, refreshing aroma, tastes like a sweet extract of a flower with a sweet aftertaste.


8. Xinyang Maojian


mao jian


This variety of Green Tea is produced in Xinyang City in Henan Province of China. The leaves are best picked in early spring and require a shorter harvest time because of the cool climate in Henan. Legend has it that the nine fairies of the Heaven brought down the Tea as a gift to the mankind. Many drinkers have witnessed silhouettes of dancing fairies in the vapor of this Tea.


Health Benefits: It is needless to say that the fairies have bestowed upon the humanity a multitude of health benefits which include prevention and cure of Cancer. It is known for its anti-aging properties.


Shape and Taste: The tea leaves are straight and thin with a distinct dark green color. When brewed, the color is bright, spring green. It has a pleasant and lovely scent with a bold and refreshing flavor like that of a morning grass beds.


9. Lushan Yunwu


lushan yun wu tea


For this types of tea - Yun Wu Tea. The tea dates back to more than 1000 years and has a long history to its credit. It was first collected and brewed by monks residing in the temple of Mount Lu. The tea is popularly known as Cloud Tea for being produced amidst the clouds in the foggy conditions of Mount Lu. It grows in the Guangji Temple, Teifu Temple and Huagai Peak, situated at an altitude of 2600 to 3600 feet. The tea is treasured in both its home country and worldwide.


Health Benefits: The tea is known for its prevent Cancer and regulate aging.


Shape and Taste: The golden-yellow infusion gives a soothing blend of citrus, smoky and earthy scent. It tastes sweet like roasted artichokes. Its shape is reminiscent of round roasted pecans.


10. Lu’an Melon Seed Tea


liu an gua pian


The last but certainly not the least, Lu’an Melon Seed Tea is a type of Green Tea grown in the Lu’an City in Anhui Province of China. This beautiful drink constitutes as a part of top listicles of Chinese Tea. Unlike other Green Teas, Lu’an Tea’s second leaves boast the highest quality. The central veins of these leaves are removed, pan-fried to avoid oxidation. It was reserved for the highest class of people during ancient times, considered as the Tribute Tea.


Health Benefits: The tea is used to prevent and cure sunstroke besides the goodness of a Green Tea it inadvertently carries.


Shape and Taste: The leaves are flat and oval-shaped like a Melon seed, hence the name. The tea is a perfect blend of slightly bitter and slightly sweet taste.


These types of tea, since their inception were famous for their medicinal properties and were full-fledged medicines. With changing times, tea became a celebrated beverage around the globe. It’s quite astonishing to see how Tea is perceived and consumed in different regions of the world. Some like it milky and sweet, some like it spicy and flavorful, some like it iced while some like brewed in boiling water. The choices are endless and so are the varieties of the world-famous Chinese Tea. 

 

 



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